Mold is a fungus that arises in cool and damp areas of the house – often in a basement. While some mold can be helpful if used properly, as in the case of penicillin, most household molds are harmful and destructive. The notorious black mold can cause illness and even death. However, it is important to understand and identify the common types of household mold and to keep your house as free of this fungus as possible. Here are five common household mold types that need expedient removal.
1. Cladosporium. This is one of the most common types of mold. It is black, dark grey, or dark green in color and can be found all through nature. While it is not deadly, it can cause sinus problems, cough, skin problems, and fatigue. If you wish to remain in optimal health, it is vital to have this noxious fungus removed from your home.
2. Aspergillus. This mold comes in a variety of colors: grey, brown, yellow, green, white, and black. It can thrive on walls, clothing, paper, and soil. It has been known to grow on some indoor plants and can cause quite serious health problems. Aspergillosis is a condition caused by this fungus. The symptoms include respiratory problems, bone pain, chest pain, vision problems, and many others. It is a known carcinogen and this mold should be identified and removed from the household as soon as possible.
3. Penicillium. While antibiotics have been created from this particular fungus, it is still important to clean it out of your home. While it’s most often found on foods, Penicillium can also live on walls, insulation, and elsewhere in the home. It is an allergen and can be detrimental to one’s overall health and wellbeing.
4. Ulocladium. Where there is a lot of water damage, ulocladium can thrive. This mold requires a lot of water to survive, so it should be rare in homes. However, after heavy rains some basements may provide a welcome habitat for this mold. It is only mildly symptomatic for humans, but immuno-suppressed individuals should steer clear of this and any other molds. Ulocladium is black or grey.
5. Stachybotrys. This black and slimy mold is extremely toxic to humans and should be eradicated immediately. It is carcinogenic, causes asthma, and will suppress the immune system. It thrives on material high in cellulose, such as particleboard, cardboard, hay, wicker, and drywall. It requires a lot of water and time to thrive. Spores require at least 48 hours to begin growth. While this is a noxious mold, there is some time after a major water event to prevent its spread.